The hottest 2018 these major technologies are wort

2022-08-02
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In 2018, these major technologies are worth looking forward to

"insight" satellite flying into space, C919 large passenger plane flying into the blue sky, but also reaching the temperature quantum computer that can denature plastic. The first domestic aircraft carrier was launched, the "Haiyi" deep-sea glider completed deep-sea observation, and the first trial mining of combustible ice in the sea was successful. The "Fuxing" Mercedes Benz was on the vast land of the motherland... In 2017, scientific and technological innovations have been reported frequently, It fully demonstrates China's innovation vitality and creativity

the central economic work conference proposed to accelerate the construction of an innovative country, promote new progress in major scientific and technological innovation, and promote mass entrepreneurship and innovation. What kind of surprises will the majority of scientific researchers create in 2018? What major scientific and technological innovations are worth looking forward to

lunar exploration project -

first exploration of the back of the moon

2018, China's lunar exploration project will achieve a new breakthrough. The Chang'e 4 mission will carry out two launch missions this year, realizing the first soft landing and patrol survey on the back of the moon in the world, and writing a new chapter in the history of lunar exploration

liujizhong, director of the lunar exploration and space engineering center and deputy commander in chief of the lunar exploration project of the State Administration of science, technology and industry for national defense, introduced that the launch mission of Chang'e 4 this year will be carried out at Xichang Satellite Launch Center in May and December respectively. It is planned to launch the relay satellite in May, and place the satellite at L2 point of langlange day for the first time to realize the measurement and control communication between the back of the moon and the ground station; In December, the lander and inspector were launched to realize the soft landing on the back of the moon with the support of relay measurement and control, carry out positioning and patrol detection, and then the scientific detection data were transmitted to the ground receiving station through the relay satellite to carry out relevant scientific research

the back of the moon is always facing away from the earth, shielding earth's radio, lightning, Aurora and other interference signals. Under the unique electromagnetic environment conditions on the back of the moon, carrying out low-frequency radio observation and research will fill the blank of 100khz-10mhz radio astronomy observation, and is expected to achieve original achievements in interplanetary shock wave, coronal mass ejection and space propagation mechanism. According to liujizhong, there are great differences in geological characteristics between the back of the moon and the front. Chang'e-4 will carry out comprehensive exploration on the back of the moon in terms of morphology, material composition, positioning and inspection of lunar soil and lunar surface shallow structures, which will promote a new understanding of the early evolution history of the moon

chang'e-4 mission undertakes the important mission of human exploration of unknown fields, and will break through a series of challenging high and new technologies and achieve international leadership. It is a prelude to the follow-up lunar exploration, and the akulonxs film made has better tensile properties, which will also promote human exploration to a more far-reaching space

China's lunar exploration project began in 2004, and it is planned to organize and implement it in three phases according to the development idea of "detour, fall and return" before 2020, so as to achieve the set goals of the lunar exploration project

Beidou satellite -

intensive Launch Global Group

in 2018, Beidou satellite ushered in a year of high-density launch. At the same time, the Beidou satellite navigation system independently developed and constructed by China has also entered a new stage of development: the system performance, satellite life and service accuracy have been greatly improved, and the service area has been wider, further approaching the role of the global satellite navigation system

"by the end of 2018, more than 10 beidou-3 satellites will be launched to complete the basic system, covering the participating countries in the construction of the 'the Belt and Road'; by 2020, more than 30 satellites will be launched to provide services to the world." Ran Chengqi, director of China satellite navigation system management office and spokesman of Beidou satellite navigation system, introduced

on November 5, 2017, the first two global group satellites of beidou-3 were successfully launched, and the beidou-3 system, which is more advanced than beidou-2, has entered the global group stage since then. By the end of last year, China's Beidou had been put into service for the fifth anniversary, completed the construction of Beidou No. 2 system and provided services in China and surrounding areas, and steadily promoted the comprehensive construction of Beidou No. 3 system with the goal of providing services worldwide

"the sky is easy to use, and the earth is easy to use." Beidou has achieved a historic leap in the past five years, and it has become more and more popular. GPS, the name of the US global positioning system, is no longer the only synonym for satellite navigation. Beidou is gradually becoming a standard configuration among the intelligence used by ordinary people

China Beidou, with a new posture, stronger capability and better service, is fulfilling its commitment to serve the world and benefit mankind

deep sea scientific research --

"seven dragons" explore the sea deeper and farther

"the deep sea contains rich resources, which is the blue space for the future development of mankind and the strategic Xinjiang region for the long-term development of the country." Liufeng, director of the office of China Ocean Mineral Resources Research and Development Association, said that 2018 is a very critical year for the country's deep-sea undertakings

2018, China will work hard on "hard power" and "soft power" and strive to occupy the first mover advantage in deep-sea exploration

deep sea equipment is a powerful guarantee for deep-sea ocean survey. This year, the "three dragons" deep-sea equipment system composed of Jiaolong manned submersible, Hailong unmanned cabled submersible and Qianlong unmanned cabled submersible will be taken as the starting point to promote the innovation and breakthrough of deep-sea technology. For example, we will continue to promote the technological upgrading and application of Jiaolong and Qianlong II, and accelerate the R & D and offshore test of 11000m ROV system

the team of marine survey ships is also the focus of construction. 2018 will be a crucial year for the construction of two new types of ships, namely, ocean exploration engineering ship and deep-sea efficient comprehensive survey ship. We will strive to complete the main task of ship construction as planned and lay a solid foundation for the early delivery of ships in 2019

this year, as the key year of the first phase of the Jiaolong sea exploration project, we will vigorously promote the transformation from "three dragons" to "seven dragons", add "Shenlong" for deep-sea drilling, "Kunlong" for deep-sea development, "Yunlong" for cloud computing of marine data and "Dragon Palace" for support on the sea, so as to lay a solid foundation for the stable and sustainable development of ocean work

in terms of soft power, we will continue to strive to build a supporting system of the deep sea law, and vigorously strengthen the training of deep-sea composite talents

in addition, the frequency of deep-sea scientific research should be increased to improve the level of deep-sea scientific research. This year, we will further improve the organization mode, coordination mechanism and results management mode of the operational work of maritime investigation, and plan to coordinate and organize the comprehensive investigation work in 6 voyages, covering an area of about 650 mu/day, covering key sea areas in the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans and many fields. The investigation of ocean anoxia, ocean microplastics and ocean radioactivity will become the business and routine investigation of ocean investigation together with the investigation of deep-sea resources and deep-sea environment

"in the new year, we are full of expectations. Our goal is to explore the deep sea deeper, wider and farther. Through more and better marine scientific investigations, we will promote the deep-sea cause to usher in new breakthroughs." Liu Feng said

immunotherapy -

treating cancer for the benefit of patients

immunotherapy, which has been applied abroad for many years, is expected to benefit domestic patients this year: in November and December last year, the drug review center of the State Food and Drug Administration (hereinafter referred to as CDE) successively accepted the listing applications of two new immunotherapy drugs, namely, nabumab developed by Bristol Squibb and Cindy monoclonal antibody developed by Cinda biological (Suzhou) Co., Ltd, The main indications were recurrent/refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma. If nothing happens, these two new anti-cancer drugs are expected to be launched in 2018 to benefit patients

the principle of immunotherapy is to regulate and activate the human immune system to treat diseases through a variety of means. This new tumor therapy after surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy was selected as the top of the top ten scientific breakthroughs of the year by science in 2013

according to experts, our body is composed of countless cells. If we live in peace, our body can keep healthy. T cells in the immune system act as "guards" to help people resist foreign invasion. It has specific protein receptors on its surface. It patrols around the body to identify specific proteins on the surface of other cells and determine whether they are tumor cells. However, some tumor cells are very "cunning", and some proteins on their surface are like camouflaged "masks", so that T cells cannot recognize them, and the tumor can continue to grow

in view of this mechanism, immunotherapy deals with tumors in two ways. First, transform T cells to enhance the ability of the "guard"; The second is to expose the enemy's "Mask" so that "guard" T cells can normally identify tumor cells. PD-L1 is one of the "masks" of tumor cells

in recent years, the development of tumor immune drugs in China is in full swing. According to the statistics of CDE published clinical information, by the end of November last year, there were 80 PD - (L) 1 trials in China, including 37 foreign drugs and 43 domestic drugs; 49 trials have entered clinical phase II or III

among the first batch of advanced melanoma patients who tried immunotherapy in the world, some have survived for 15 years. We have every reason to believe that with the development of new technologies such as immunotherapy, cancer that is considered "incurable" is expected to gradually become a controllable and treatable chronic disease

quantum technology -

communication computing continued to lead the way

in the early morning of December 19, 2017, the international authoritative academic journal Nature published the top ten scientific figures who changed the world in 2017. Panjianwei, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Professor of the University of science and technology of China, and chief scientist of the Mozi quantum science experiment satellite, was selected. Nature magazine made a close-up for each candidate, in which pan Jianwei was reported under the title of "the father of quantum"

there is no doubt that Pan Jianwei is one of the best scientists in the field of quantum technology in the world. Under his leadership, China's quantum communication research has rapidly achieved "leadership" from "follow-up", which has been leading the world for 5 to 10 years; China's quantum computing research has also entered the world's first-class level

in the past year 2017, about 45% of the solutions were imported, the research team led by panjianwei successfully completed all the pre-set scientific experiment tasks of the "Mozi" quantum science experiment satellite, and took the lead in the world in realizing the two-way quantum entanglement distribution between the satellite and the ground at the level of one thousand kilometers; The first 1000 kilometer quantum secure communication "Beijing Shanghai trunk line" was opened in the world; The world's first multi photon programmable quantum computing prototype has been developed, which is 10 to 100 times faster than the first electronic tube computer and the first transistor computer in human history; For the first time, 10 superconducting qubits entangled quantum computing chips have been realized, which is an important step towards the ultimate realization of surpassing the capabilities of classical supercomputers

for the future scientific research and application of quantum technology, Chinese scientists led by Pan Jianwei have clear plans: in terms of quantum communication research, we will initially realize long-distance quantum communication, and realize the global quantum communication network integrating heaven and earth; In terms of quantum computing research, we hope to achieve more manipulation of optical qubits and superconducting qubits, provide solutions to large-scale computing problems, and realize effective information mining in the era of big data; In the research of quantum precision measurement, it can realize a new generation of positioning and navigation, laser guidance, underwater positioning, medical detection, etc

artificial intelligence -

domestic chip days

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